Martha Knight
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Martha Knight
Martha Knight
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Dołączył: 2021-06-26
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How to prepare homework

Question one: first of all, find out how much time a child of a certain age should spend preparing homework. Second question: how to organize homework? I mean how to teach a child to get involved in work right away, what tasks to do first, how a child should check what has been done, etc. 


 Question three: what to do so that the child does not lose a positive emotional attitude when preparing lessons at home? 

 The fourth question: whether to help, and if so, in what way? How to control, how to cultivate independence? Or maybe, in general, give the student complete freedom and expect independence and responsibility from him? 

 The fifth question: what to do if homework has become a heavy responsibility for both the child and his parents? Can anything be changed? 

Homework and the time to complete them.

    The duration of homework preparation, provided for by the Charter of the school (the optimal duration is indicated in brackets, taking into account the psychophysiology of age), is:

-in grade 1 - up to 1 hour (3/4 hours);

-in grade 2 - 1.5 hours (1 hour);

-in grade 3 - 2 hours (1.5 hours);

-in grade 6 - up to 2.5 hours (2-2.5 hours);

-in grade 8 - 3 hours (2.5 hours);

-in grades 9-11 - up to 4 hours (3 hours).

  How to organize homework?

 Provide working conditions: a familiar workplace, a familiar daily routine, familiar places for the necessary accessories. In this case, the younger student will quickly develop the necessary attitude. When he sits down at his usual table, a working mood quickly arises, a desire to get to work.

Get the student into the habit of clarifying all assignments and preparing everything needed before starting work. Gradually, he will learn to plan his actions and decide in what order to do the lessons. But first you have to take care of this. For example, younger students often diligently complete written assignments, and then learn the rule for which this exercise is assigned.

To suggest which tasks are best to start with - easy or difficult, you need to observe how the child joins in the work and how quickly he gets tired. If he starts working immediately and without difficulty, but the rise quickly gives way to a decline, advise him to start with more difficult tasks. If it sways slowly, but the efficiency of the work gradually increases, you can start with easier lessons.

At what time to start and end the preparation of lessons - see the section "Mode of the day and efficiency".

An adult is able to control himself both in the process of work and at the end of it. Naturally, a younger student does not have such a skill.

At first, he will check himself with your help. When a child can fully switch to self-control depends on his individual characteristics. It is good that such a skill is developed by the time of his transfer to high school. A pupil of middle and senior grades should already master the methods of self-examination with the help of logical and figurative schemes (see the section "Good memory").

Homework and ... good mood.

    Your child will develop and then maintain a positive attitude towards homework if you:

  •                    Let him know from the start that his lessons are just as important as the most serious matters of adults; no one has the right to distract a student from his business by sending him to the store or turning on the TV;
  •                    in your family, you will maintain an atmosphere of respect for mental work;
  •                    after returning home from work or, conversely, meeting a child from school, you will not begin communication with a question about lessons; find another form of greeting;
  •                    you will not stand with the child "over the soul" until he begins to do his homework or in the process of work;
  •                    never use homework as a punishment for wrongdoing;
  •                    try not to remind the child of his many past mistakes and failures and do not frighten the upcoming difficulties; you will form an attitude towards difficulties as to something completely surmountable;
  •                    checking what you have done, you will not gloat over mistakes ("I knew that you were planting them!");
  •                    if there are indeed mistakes, you will still find an opportunity to praise the child for the efforts expended; note any, even minor, successes ("Today you do this letter better than yesterday", "You tried so hard today!").

 How to help and how to cultivate independence?

   First of all, determine your attitude towards the child's school marks. Some parents take these grades very emotionally, as if they are receiving them themselves and as if the grades speak of their parental solvency or failure.

   Still, the main thing for us is not fives at any cost, but the child's interest in learning and his confidence in his abilities. Therefore, if you are already helping to do the homework, then you are not trying to ensure that the work is done without a single mistake or mistake, but that the child has an understanding of the material.

   Your help may also be to save the child from sitting for long lessons. Try to take on some of the monotonous work and thereby free up time for vigorous mental activity.

   For example, a first grader writes slowly and with great stress. Write yourself a draft of the assignment according to his dictation (for example, solving a problem or an exercise in Russian). Don't forget to make mistakes! And the child will "only" have to check your work and rewrite it calmly, without stress. Gradually, you will transfer the maintenance of the draft to him. If he does not want to read, read aloud yourself, and the child will check. But for this he will also have to follow the text!

   If you have achieved that the child understood part of the material, but is clearly tired, do the rest of the assignment yourself (nothing terrible will happen!), And he will only rewrite it in a notebook.

   Wean yourself out of the habit of immediately correcting every mistake your child makes by sitting next to him. Just ask him to stop, maybe he will notice and correct himself. At the same time, do not allow uncorrected errors to accumulate. Otherwise, he will have a feeling of insecurity and helplessness.

   An independent student in school is a parent's dream. It is clear that it is unlikely that someone who was constantly monitored will become independent. But the other extreme - when the child is not helped even in case of difficulties - will not give a result.

   How can you help your child not only do today's homework, but teach him how to do without our help? Some of the children will need only a week or two, some - several months or even more. But in any case, there will be several stages in this process.

   The first stage is that you complete as many tasks as possible with your child. You try to understand what knowledge and skills he lacks. Does he have the wrong ways, habits at work. Help fill in the gaps and get rid of the wrong ways of doing things. 

   Second phase. The child does part of the work himself. But you need to be sure that he will handle this part of the job. It will likely be a very small part at first, but the child needs a sense of success. Evaluate the result with him. After each independently and successfully completed part, put some kind of icon, for example, an exclamation mark or a happy face. After some time, you and your child will make sure that the part done correctly increases every day. In case of failure, calmly figure out what was in the way. Teach your child to seek help for specific difficulties. The main thing at this stage is that the child will understand that he can work independently and cope with his difficulties. 

   Stage three. Gradually, independent work expands to the point that the child himself performs all the lessons. Your support at this stage is rather psychological. You are nearby, minding your own business. But we are ready to help if needed. Check what has been done. The meaning of this stage is that the child is convinced that he can already do a lot on his own, but you will always support him. 

   Stage four. The child works independently. He already knows how long it will take for this or that task, and controls himself with the help of a clock, ordinary or sand. At this time, you may be absent from home or be in another room. The meaning of this stage is that the child tries to overcome all the difficulties that have arisen himself. Only the most difficult can be postponed until you arrive. You check what has been done. This is necessary until the skill of independent work is finally developed. 

   Do you think this approach will take you a lot of time and effort? Do we spend less time and emotions on fruitless struggle ("to sit down, to start, not to be distracted ...")? To catch up on the nights before the test? What can we expect from a child if we ourselves cannot organize, plan our assistance to him?

If homework is a heavy duty.

   None of us is immune from such a situation with our own child. It seems that mom or dad no longer has any personal life. You go home from work and longingly think how long you will have to sit with your child for lessons today. The child's mood is about the same. And if the process is also accompanied by screaming, tears, even cuffs, it is not far from the one and the other side to a nervous breakdown. It's time to stop and try to change the usual order of things.

   Make it affordable. If your student is still in elementary school, arrange for daily tutoring for a fee. Whether it is his homeroom teacher or someone else depends on the specific relationship. The purpose of the classes is definite - to do homework. You will save time and your health and your child's for sure. There is another option - ask a high school neighbor, or a student - a future teacher, or a retired teacher. If, nevertheless, you do not have someone with a narrow profile nearby, for example, a mathematician, to help your child do his homework in algebra or geometry, contact the online experts

   Post a notice. Cash costs in this case will be less. How long will these sessions last? Until you regain your mental health and feel energized. Then take on the development of independence in the child.

   Can't afford such material expenses? Ask relatives and close people to work with the child. But breaking the vicious circle of your mutual discontent with your child is necessary.

   In the end, if these options aren't for you, just stop. Give yourself and your child a break. Nothing fatal will happen in a few days. Tell the class teacher that you want to do the experiment. After catching your breath, calmly get down to business. Already without shouting, cuffs and validol.


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